Major problems in the sector of potatoes are coming home to roost this summer

  • Major problems in the sector of potatoes are coming home to roost this summer
    FarmIreland.t. E.
    I started an article last month, quoting Warren Buffett and his explanation is that systemic weaknesses become more apparent during the troubles (or, as he said, only during low tide, you discover who has been swimming naked’).
    https://www.independent.ie/business/farming/tillage/big-issues-in-the-potato-sector-are-coming-home-to-roost-this-summer-37168654.html
    https://www.independent.ie/business/farming/article37169829.ece/e162f/AUTOCROP/h342/2018-04-17_bus_40035244_I1.JPG

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I started an article last month, quoting Warren Buffett and his explanation is that systemic weaknesses become more apparent during the troubles (or, as he said, only during low tide, you discover who has been swimming naked’).

The ongoing drought to receive additional information about systemic weaknesses in Irish agriculture, in particular potato and vegetable industry.

The potato crop suffers this year. Yes, they suffer from drought, but the drought is also showing how poorly structured industry.

The dominance of one variety-cock – is the biggest obstacle to the development of the industry and makes it more resistant to weather phenomena.

The rooster is not particularly drought-prone, but its late maturity is going to be a problem this year.

His inclination to put any skin for maximum effect be a problem as potato scab is prevalent.

Moreover, late ripening and a prolonged vegetation period will make the planning and measurement of national cultures is very difficult.

As you get closer to the fall, cock the crops are just starting my bulking phase. They have not fully swell, they need more time to Mature and more time for cleaning. We have no idea of national tonnage for the next year at least until November.

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If the potatoes don’t get water within two weeks, we look at a very important crisis

Heat, which is followed by an extremely wet April, played havoc with the production of potatoes.

At this stage of the season, the purchasing Manager of a supermarket will have to do their job, in getting for yourself. The prices dictate, demand and supply curve can be even begun.

No other product line dominated by a single strain for so long. Cabbage, cauliflower, carrots, salad, a succession of varieties suitable for specific seasons.

There are many varieties of potatoes developed specifically for processing into crisps or chips.

The advantage this brings is that some seasons certain varieties, other seasons can give other varieties to Excel. More irons in the fire, so to speak.

One feature of all modern processing varieties is early maturity. They Mature in about 120-140 days after planting; in contrast to rooster have 160 days. That extra month is crucial in a country like ours, where the seasons can often be prevented.

Another advantage of these varieties this year is that they are usually bred Dutch, German and Belgian markets and is able to cope with drought.

Cock as a variety of dominant position in the late 1990-ies. It was a hit, as he was very recognizable by the consumer regardless of where it was sold. He was also heavily marketed.

Now we need to focus on the Irish brand of potato and not a variety of potato. Consumer trust will be based on a brand, not a variety. This will increase the flexibility of the production programs, storage modes, different vegetation, etc.

Advisors

Another weakness of the weather forecast showed this year-the lack of good advisors in the potato and vegetable industry.

Most consultants in crop production are being implemented in industry, primarily focused on sales targets. Most of them shy away from high-value crops.

The lack of good advice is reflected in the number of manufacturers saw a ‘irrigate’ crops with the tank.

Irrigation in itself is always a dubious idea, more production is lost during irrigation, than rescued, even in a year. Take water from the streams is very questionable from the point of view of fishing and once the crop gets irrigated, it stops the search on the water, so irrigation will continue to avoid it going backwards.

But irrigating the tanker do his as a futile exercise. It’s not so much a problem of agronomy, the problem of elementary mathematics.

To keep math in old money, an inch of water on one acre is the equivalent of up to 22,000 gallons per acre. Take the relative humidity in the mid 60-ies, and soil temperature, 28C and you are looking at a loss 50pcs to volatilization. So, from 22,000 gallons to be applied, the best you can hope for is 11,0000 gallon when hitting the ground.

Using the average tanker, You need 10 loads to the acre to volume of water. A conservative estimate of 10 tons tractor/tanker, it has accumulated 100 tons per acre.

This is tantamount to driving a tank on the field and waits for the harvest, to thank you for it. However, this practice was seen throughout the country in recent weeks.

What I noticed this year in crops lies in the fact that the potatoes grown in the ground lay are performing very well.

This is not Eureka search – we know that from the 18th century, but high organic matter that retain moisture, of course, would be this year.

On each hectare of potatoes we grow, now we have almost 500 hectares, capable agricultural areas are available, so to find new lands for the cultivation of potatoes should not really be a problem. But it won’t work. Grass/soil crop rotation in the past, given the pressures of intensive cropping, the right of ownership of land, lease of land structures. However, if we want to continue to have efficient production, we have to move away from the rushes of arable land and to more land lay in production.

If we want to create a more sustainable potato industry, we have to meet the existing markets for peeling, chipping, seed and salad potato; we need to expand the variety offering for dishes; we must have more forces, from the point of view of the main agrotechnical measures and we should bring much more fresh earth in the mix.

More importantly, we need to market our potatoes. All of this should be sold at the end of the day.

Richard Hackett-Agronomist, based in North County Dublin and is a member of CITA and PMA.

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